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Session Mark Fox
Duration 1 hour
Date/Time 16 Feb 2022 17:00 GMT
9:00am PST/12:00pm EST
5:00pm GMT/6:00pm CET
Convener Ravi Sharma
Track Disaster Landscape

Ontology Summit 2022 Mark Fox

Dealing with Disasters

The COVID-19 pandemic as well as other pandemics and disasters have prompted an impressive, worldwide response by governments, industry, and the academic community. Ontologies can play a significant role in search, data description, interoperability and harmonization of the increasingly large data sources that are relevant to disasters such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The Ontology Summit 2022 examined the overall landscape of disasters and related ontologies. A framework consisting of a set of dimensions was developed to characterize this landscape. The framework was applied to health-related disasters, environmental disasters, as well as aerospace and cyberspace disasters. It was found that there are many cross-domain linkages between different kinds of disasters and that ontologies developed for one kind of disaster can be repurposed for other kinds. A representative sample of projects that have been developing and using ontologies for disaster monitoring and response management is presented to illustrate best practices and lessons learned. The Communiqué ends by presenting the findings and recommendations of the summit.


  • Mark Fox on “ISO/IEC WG11 Data Standards for Public Health Emergencies and Related Ontologies”.
    • Dr. Fox is a Distinguished Professor of Urban Systems Engineering, and Professor of Industrial Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Toronto. He is the Director of the Urban Data Centre which is part of the University of Toronto's School of Cities. Dr. Fox is a Fellow of Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, the Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineering, and the Engineering Institute of Canada. He received his BSc in Computer Science from the University of Toronto in 1975 and his PhD in Computer Science (Artificial Intelligence) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1983.
    • Slides
    • Video Recording

Conference Call Information

  • Date: Wednesday, 16 Feb 2022
  • Start Time: 9:00am PST / 12:00pm EST / 6:00pm CET / 5:00pm GMT / 1700 UTC
  • Expected Call Duration: 1 hour
  • The Video Conference URL is
    • Meeting ID: 881 4427 2329
    • Passcode: 553714
  • Chat Room:
    • If the chat room is not available, then use the Zoom chat room.
  • One tap mobile



[12:11] RaviSharma: Welcome everyone!

[12:12] RaviSharma: Prof Fox, are you able to interoperate with Digital twins solutions or ecosystems?

[12:18] RaviSharma: Dr Fox - Vocabularies for shared information from citywide emergencies or only about Public Health Engineering?

[12:24] RaviSharma: Thanks for referring to Doug Lenat's presentation, he is likely to speak again to expand on his talk and answer Qs,

[12:27] RaviSharma: I wish Azamat was here to see that ontology was adequately discussed! We will have recording available for all.

[12:30] RaviSharma: Can you make the logic such that it goes deep to the usable level? i.e. as deep as city public health dept can handle? selectable depth?

[12:35] RaviSharma: Why are microtheories not being used?

[12:36] RaviSharma: Can funding authority's budgets and city council's be used to adopt the city standard? UN World Bank, etc?

[12:38] MichaelGruninger: One obstacle to ontology-based standards is the Absurdity of the Obvious. First, people don't think there need to be standards because from their perspective, the semantics of terms is obvious. But then, when they talk with other groups, discover that not only do they disagree with their semantics, but consider absurd what others think is obvious.

[12:40] RaviSharma: Yes, Michael, miscommunication is at the root of what you are describing, also common interests, etc.

[12:44] RaviSharma: How do you show the external agencies, regions and federal government the advantages of collaboration?

[12:47] ToddSchneider: 'Resident' should likely be represented as a 'Role'. Residency is not a permanent condition.

[12:49] ToddSchneider: How is 'Manifestation' defined?

[12:59] RaviSharma: Correlation - how is it handled like floods and cholera water quality?

[13:03] ToddSchneider: 'Changes' can be enforced if the enforcer has control of the money.

[13:08] RaviSharma:

[13:12] RaviSharma:


Previous Meetings

ConferenceCall 2022 02 09COVID-19 KGs
ConferenceCall 2022 02 02CYC
ConferenceCall 2022 01 26General Disaster Parametric Landscape
... further results

Next Meetings

ConferenceCall 2022 02 23Synthesis
ConferenceCall 2022 03 02Workshop Report
ConferenceCall 2022 03 09Knowledge Graph Approach to Combat COVID-19
... further results